To survive and grow a plant needs light, water, nutrients, air, soil and optimum temperature. However, different species or varieties of plants can vary in their specific needs for light intensity, specific nutrients, soil type and pH and temperature range. For example, hibiscus can grow well in warm tropical climates while roses grow well in cool temperate climates.
Likewise blueberry can grow well in slightly acidic soils, but plants such as barley, wheat, soybeans, and corn can not tolerate acidic soils. If we have to take one more example, then succulent and cacti plants can survive in arid regions where water is scarce, but water-intensive crops such as rice can not grow in arid regions without irrigation.
Therefore, the growth of a plant in a geographical region can be limited by the lack of any one of these essential components. Hence, the spread of a plant variety or species over a geographical region is because of its ability to adapt to the biotic and abiotic factors of that region.
Plants mainly need soil for anchorage and nutrients, that’s why nowadays, plants are also grown successfully in a nutrient water medium without using soil. However, not all plants can be successfully grown in soil less medium. Here, adaptibilty plays a major role.
If you want to grow a plant successfully, then you need to know about its soil requirements, water requirements, sunlight intensity, temperature range and specific nutrient needs, then mimic all the necessities. Most of the people who fail to grow plants often tend to ignore these important components which leads to disappointment.
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