If you haven’t grown any succulents, but are willing to start growing, then I would suggest that you should start by growing Haworthias. They are one of the most easy to care for & hardy succulent plant. They can survive even in the harsh climatic conditions where temperature exceeds above 40o Celsius during summer.
In the world there are around 60 named species & 150 varieties of Haworthia out of which popular ones are Haworthia limifolia var. striata, H. emelyae var. comptoniana, H. truncata, H. koelmaniorum, H. bayeri, Etiolated haworthia, H. coarctata var. adelaidensis, H. arachnoidea, etc.
They are small & cute succulent plants that form coil of green leaves that varies from 1 inch to 12 inches in diameter. You can grow & care for Haoworthias by following these important tips.
How To Care For Haworthia?
- Climate: They are native to South Africa, hence can grow well in warm & dry sub-tropical climatic conditions. Temperature ranging from 10 to 26 Celisius.
- USDA Zones: You can grow them as perennials in USDA zones 9 to 11.
- Planting Season: Avoid planting Haworthia plant during winters. You can start planting them from February to September.
- Soil & Potting Mix: Always select well drained sandy soils & avoid heavy clayey soils. Prepare potting mix with 40% dried crushed leaves + 20% cocopeat + 20% river sand + 20% leaf compost. In this potting mix, add extra 10% perlite or cinder.
- Sunlight: Keep Haworthia under bright indirect sunlight. However, during hot summer days, you can shift the plant under low light conditions. But protect them from harsh direct afternoon sunlight.
- Watering: Frequency of watering depends on local climate & soil conditions. Only apply water when top layer of the potting soil seems completely dry & make sure that water drains out perfectly from drainage holes present at the bottom of the pot. During winters, avoid watering frequently.
- Fertilizers: They are not heavy feeders. However, to promote good growth apply one handful of leaf compost or tea leaf compost once after every 60 days during active growing season.
- Propagation: You can easily propagate haworthia from offsets. Seprate offsets that grows alongside from the mother plant along with roots. Plant them in new pots, apply water & watch them grow.
- Pests & Diseases: In normal conditions they are not affected by pests but in severe cases mealybugs can infest your plant. Avoid overwatering or waterlogging to prevent root rot. If leaves turn yellow to white or red in colour, shift your plant to low light area.
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