According to the key land reforms during Akbar’s reign in the Mughal period, agricultural land was divided into four types that are Polaj, Parauti, Chachar, and Banjar. Polaj was the most fertile land that was cultivated every season and was never left fallow. Paruti was less fertile than the Polaj, that’s why it was left fallow for a year or two to restore soil fertility.

Chachar land, due to low fertility was left fallow for three to four years to restore soil fertility, while Banjar, the least fertile land was left fallow for 5 years or more to restore soil fertility. In the Banjar land due to minimum or no farming, no tax were collected. It helped farmers during that period to practice sustainable agriculture and maintain soil health for a longer duration.

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