Management practices that are common in dairy and poultry farming are breeding, clean and well-ventilated shelters, supply of balanced nutritional food, water supply, vaccination, record keeping, waste management and financial management. Dairy farming involves the raising of buffalo and cattle for the production of milk and related products.
While, Poultry farming involves the raising of poultry birds such as Chicken, Turkey, Duck, etc. to get eggs, meat and other poultry products. Chicken breeds that are raised for the production of meat are called “broilers” while breeds that are raised for egg production are called “layers.”
Likewise, in dairy farming, buffalo and dairy cattle breeds such as Jersey, Holstein Friesian, Brown, Swiss, Gir, Red Sindhi, Sahiwal, etc. are raised for the production of milk. Let’s understand the common and good practices in the dairy and poultry industry in depth.
Common Management Practices In Dairy & Poultry Farming
- Breeding: Breeding is one of the most common features of dairy and poultry farming. Breeding of cattle or poultry birds is done mainly to increase the production and adaptibility of the breed in the specific region. For example, the high-yielding Jersey breed of cattle is native to the United Kingdom. Therefore, to get the desired milk yield and survival chance in India, it is cross-bred with native Indian cattle breeds.
- Shelter: The shape and size of the shelter may vary, but to raise cattle and poultry birds, clean and well-ventilated is required to avoid the spread of diseases and carry out farm activities such as egg collection, milching, etc. efficiently.
- Balalnced Food Supply: A well-balanced nutritional food supply is required in both dairy and poultry farming to get optimum yield. If food is not supplied properly then yield may reduce drastically and chances of disease infestation increase.
- Healthcare: Timely vaccinations, bio-security measures and health check-ups are crucial in dairy as well as poultry farming for protecting cattle and birds from diseases.
- Waste Management: Poultry and dairy waste are potential sources of soil and water pollution but at the same time, they are also a good source of nutrients for plants when decomposed efficiently. Therefore, waste management of dairy and poultry waste is essential for reducing soil and water pollution and increasing crop growth in fields.
- Record Keeping: Maintaining records of milk production, health, breeding activities, egg production, etc. is essential for making effective growth strategies and monitoring activities.
- Financial Management: To run a successful dairy and poultry farm, financial management practices such as keeping a check on production cost, marketing cost, net profit, etc. is necessary.
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