Grapevines are perennial woody climbers that belong to the Vitaceae family. They possess a vigorous growth habit,with twining tendrils that allow them to cling & climb trellises. Nowadays due to advancements in agriculture, various hybrid varieties of grapes are available in the market such as Pixie, Petite Jewel, Muscat, Anab-e-Shahi, etc. are good for pots.
Hence, if you are a plant enthusiast and are willing to grow grapes in your garden, then you should follow these guidelines to get started.
How To Plant Grapes In Pots?
When To Plant: The best time to plant grapes extends from late January to March. However, in places with moderate climatic conditions, you can plant them from November to January.
Pot Selection: Avoid growing grape in small pots. Select a pot with at least 60 centimetres diameter & depth with drainage holes at the bottom of the pot.
Soil & Potting Mix: You can grow them in wide range of soils, however, select sandy loam to medium black loams for growing grapes. Prepare potting mix with 40% soil + 20% cocopeat + 40% dung manure or vermicompost. You can also add 4 tablespoon bonemeal + 200 grams of neem cake fertilizer + 1 teaspoon micronutrients in this mixture.
How To Plant: At the bottom of the pot, add an inch layer of small stones or cinder. Fill the pot with potting mix, leave 2 to inches at the top. Dig a hole larger than the root ball in the center & place grape plant roots carefully, cover till the base of the plant with potting mix, press lightly & apply water immediately after planting. Provide shade with the help of a shade net till plant gets well established in the pot.
How To Grow & Care For Grape Plant?
To grow and care for grapevine, follow these guidelines.
- Climate: Grapevine can grow well in Mediterranean or tropical to sub-tropical climatic conditions where temperature ranges from 25o to 30 Celsius.
- Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist but avoid overwatering in the pot. While applying water also avoid wetting leaves of grapevine to safeguard the plant from fungal diseases. Water plant only when top layer of soil seems dry. During hot summer days you will need to water twice in a day.
- Fertilizers: Start applying fertilizers from the onset of spring till the end of summer. Apply twho handful of dung manure or leaf compost + 1 tablespoon bonemeal + 1/2 teaspoon micronutrients per month per plant to promote healthy growth & development.
- Sunlight: 2 to 4 hours of bright direct sunlight daily is sufficient, but during hot summer days, direct sunlight for longer duration can cause the fruit to burn. You can protect this by using shade net.
- Pruning: Every year you should prune old branches of grapevine during November to December to promote new growth & flowering with the onset of spring season. If you will avoid pruning, yield will get resuced in the next season.
- Pests & Diseases: Grapevines can get affected from pests such as mealybugs, mites, thrips, leaf eating caterpillar, flea beetles, etc. Keep spraying organic insecticidal soap time to time to control them. Generally diseases such as Downy mildew, powdery mildew, grey mold, black rot and anthracnose, etc. can affect your plant.
Following these guidelines will help you in growing grap plant in pots. If you have any ideas, suggestions or queries, then comment below.