The ultimate guide to horticulture vs agriculture covers all the important aspects of the difference between horticulture and agriculture. Moreover, get to know what is agriculture, and horticulture.

Before knowing the difference between horticulture and agriculture, let us know about both terms one by one.

What is Agriculture?

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The word Agriculture is derived from two Latin words, the first one is Ager and the second word is Colore or Culture. The word culture means to cultivate and Ager means the field or land. Hence the word agriculture means the study of raising crops or livestock on the field.

It is a vast branch of science in which we cover all the aspects of growing food for humans and domesticated animals. This study helps to understand and improve food production across the globe. Scientists and farmers work together to fulfil the increasing demand of the food globally.

Agriculture Science has many branches such as agronomy, horticulture, plant engineering, economics, livestock, soil science, rural psychology, plant pathology, extension education etc. We study all under agriculture. To know more about what is agriculture, you can check out:


Let’s now know about horticulture.

What is Horticulture?

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The word horticulture is derived from Latin words “hortus” and “colere.” Hortus means garden and Colore means to cultivate. However, in broad terms horticulture is the branch of agriculture science which deals with the study of raising fruit crops, vegetable crops, flowers, land scaping, and post harvest technology.

However, in horticulture we also study about growing plants in a garden and landscaping that’s why few people gets confused about the actual meaning of the word horticulture.

By reading till here you must have understood that they are nearly similar, but they have little differences.

Horticulture Vs Agriculture

Since now about agriculture and horticulture, you must have figured out some differences, but let me make things easier for you. This comparison table will help you to figure out main difference among them.

Horticulture is a branch of Agriculture Science.Agriculture is a branch of science which deals with cultivation of crops and livestock.
Horticulture includes only Olericulture, Pomology, Floriculture, Landscaping, and Post Harvest technology.Agriculture includes agronomy, economics, plant pathology, horticulture, live stock, etc.
We do not study about raising livestock in horticulture.Agriculture includes study of raising livestock.
Horticulture Vs. Agriculture

I hope your concept on horticulture and agriculture is clear now, if you have any doubts or query then leave your comment below. Moreover, you can also connect with Agriculture Review on Facebook and Instagram.

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