Introduction of Arabian Jasmine
The scientific name of Mogra is Jasminum sambac; it belongs to the family Oleaceae. Although native to India, it is commonly known as Arabian Jasmine. It is cultivated in many places especially across much of South and Southeast Asia. It is widely cultivated for its attractive and sweaty fragrant flower.
Jasmine sambac (Mogra) is an evergreen shrub or vine reaching up to 0.5 to 3 meters in height.
अरबी चमेली (मोगरा) उगाने के लिए 23 युक्तियाँ
You can purchase seedlings from any nursery or propagate through cutting. If you want to propagate it from cutting than take 4 to 6 inches long shoots in spring.
Use rooting medium like IBA( Indole butyric acid) powder to induce roots in cutting. If you have no rooting medium no problem. Rooting medium increases success to develop roots in cuttings.
उपयोग 5 to 6 inches diameter garden container to develop seedlings.
Prepare potting mix with 70% loamy soil+ 20% coco peat+ 10% sand or take any porous potting mix. Pour Potting mix into the garden container and watering high before transplant cuttings.
Now wash shoot cuttings in low concentrate broad-spectrum fungicide. If you have no fungicide just wash it thoroughly in fresh water.
Keep in mind that cuttings are done just 5 mm below the node where roots will be developed. Pick up maximum leaves from the cuttings.
Now dip your cuttings in rooting powder and transplant it into the potting medium by making a hole with pencil tips. You can plant 5 to 6 cuttings in the container to develop seedlings
Now cover it with transplant polythene and place your container under the semi-shade area.
The cuttings will start rooting in 2 to 4 weeks. Water medium till seedlings are developed properly. When seedlings are well developed you should separate the new seedlings and transfer each seedling into 12-inch diameter garden containers.
Mogra requires profuse watering but keep in mind that overwatering can damage your plants. Apply water when the top layer of the soil medium seems dry.
Use nitrogen-based organic fertilizer like bone dust one teaspoon in a month or dry cow dung two teaspoons in every 15 days. Just spread organic fertilizer on the topsoil. Fertilizer leaches out slowly when watering will be done.
When seedlings are growing well you should start feeding with NPK fertilizer. The best time is to start feeding from February in India.
Use ½ teaspoon NPK (19:19:19) in a month. NPK induces proper reproductive growth and blooms up your plants.
The size of the plant can be controlled by pruning and by doing so more branches out and thereby more blooming occurs. Pruning should be done after flowering has finished as this encourages the new growth on which the next flush of flowers will occur.
Change pot as per the growth of plants.
Several insect pest attacks during summer. In such cases use 5% neem oil and spray on plants every 15 days.
|Arabian Jasmine in Mr. Sarkar’s home garden
Importance of Mogra
1. It is widely cultivated for its attractive and sweetly fragrance flowers.
2. The flowers may be used as a fragrant ingredient in perfume and jasmine tea.
3. It is the national flower of the Philippines where it is known as Sampaguita.
4. Mogra flower is used for removing intestinal worms and is also used for jaundice and venereal diseases.
5. It has many medicinal properties like anti-depressant, antiseptic, sedative, uterine, etc.
6. Its oil is also used in creams, shampoos, and soaps.
7. It is used as a great skin toner and conditioner.
This article has been shared by Mr. Sital Sarkar through Agriculture Review. You can also share your ideas and growing techniques through my website. To connect with me join me on Facebook.