The rice crop (Oryza sativa) also known as paddy is a kharif crop that requires a hot and humid climate. It is a water-intensive crop and hence needs an average annual rainfall between 175 to 300 centimeters. Temperature ranges from 21 to 37º Celsius and sandy loam to clay loam soils with pH around 5.5 to 6.5. China is the largest producer of rice, followed by India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, etc.
Moreover, rice crops can be cultivated in upland and low land. In lowland rice, rice can be grown in fields that can be flooded or irrigated while upland rice is cultivated without flooding. Upland rice is generally grown on hillsides. Farmers should not cultivate rice in drought-prone areas as your crop can get seriously affected.
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