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Euphorbia milii is an angiosperm. It comes under flowering plant species. Christ Plant is native to Madagascar. The species name has a relation with Baron Milius, once Governor of Réunion, who introduced the species to France in 1821. This name was selected to represent respect for Baron Milius.
It is believed that the species was introduced to the center East in the past, and legend connects it with the crown of thorns worn by Christ. Crown of Thorns is a stunning, easy-to-grow; succulent that grows well indoors and outdoors.
The colorful year-round blooms make it an attractive addition to an inside windowsill or arranged with other succulents outside. With all the new varieties and hybrids making their way into the market in recent years, there is so much to choose from as far as color, size, and arrangement. A collection of Crown of Thorns will add distinction and beauty to any garden.
If you are looking for a plant that thrives in the conditions inside most homes; try the Crown of Thorns plant, place the plant in a very sunny window where it will receive three to four hours of direct sunlight each day.
Crown of Thorns is a great as an outdoor shrub in warm climates, as it is extremely tolerant of high temperatures. It even thrives in temperature above 35 degrees centigrade. You can add this flowering succulent to your garden without worrying much about maintenance.
Corona de Cristo called Euphorbia milii as
- Christ plant,
- Christ thorns,
- and Crown of Thorns in Latin America
How To Propagate Crown Of Thorns?
- Propagation: If you want to propagate, and then take near about 3 to 6 inches long shoot tip cuttings in spring. Use a clean sharp blade or cutter to do this. Now dip the bottom end in cold water to stop the milky sap from flowing. Lay the cuttings out on a newspaper or towel paper to dry for 3 to 4 days before planting.
Dip the stem cutting in a rooting solution that contains a fungicide before planting. To develop seedling just plant them in potting medium. Container size 4 to 6-inch diameter is better to develop seedling. Use potting mix like 60% soil + 20% coco peat + 20% sand or any well-drained potting medium.
Water lightly to keep the soil moist but not soggy. You should also avoid dry soil for longer spells, since they would not able to develop root without moisture. Now place the containers in a warm location where it can receive indirect sunlight. The cutting will start rooting in 2 to 3 weeks. It takes 12 to 35 weeks for the roots to grow & establish depending upon the size of the plant and the pot they are in. Smaller cuttings take less time.
How To Care For Euphorbia Milli?
- Sunlight: Keep Crown of Thorns in full sun or partial shade in your home garden. It will do well in both conditions.
- Watering: If the Crown of Thorns is being planted outside, choose a location that does not faces waterloggingand has a good drainage system. In case that there is not a location with good drainage or full sunlight, build a raised bed specifically for this type of plant. It should be a minimum of 2 to 3 feet high and be filled with crushed rocks or sandy soil.
Waterlogging can lead to leaf drop and root rot. Apply water only when top layer of the soil becomes completely dry.
- Fertilizers: After transplanting, feed with ½ teaspoon bone meal + 1 handful of dung manure twice in a month. It promotes vegetative growth & flowering. just spread fertilizer over the potting mix and do not mix them. Fertilizer leaches out slowly when you water your plants. Avoid adding fertilizer in the rainy and winter season. It may infect your plant by root or stem rot.
- Pruning: Since this is a slow-growing plant, it may be that you do not need to really prune until the 3rd and 4th years. If you want to trim the plant to maintain its size, do it after the flowering cycle is completed.Always remove any dead or decaying leaves, branches and flowers to prevent the growth of fungus. If any part of the plant turns brown, it should be removed immediately.
- Repotting: Change pot as per the growth of plant and plant size. Every year 2 to 4 inches topsoil should be replaced with new fresh soil. it should be done before spring.
- Pests & Diseases: Some time infections occur during the rainy and winter season. In these seasons it can be at risk of root and stem rot caused by fungal infection. In such cases spray any broad-spectrum fungicide.
Importance Of Crown Of Thorns
- Euphorbia milli is used mostly for ornamental and some medicinal uses.
- It is used for breathing disorders including asthma, bronchitis, and chest congestion.
- It is also used for mucus in the nose and throat, throat spasms, hey fever, and tumors.
- Some people use it to cause vomiting.
- In India, it is also used for treating worms, severe diarrhea, gonorrhea, and digestive problem.