botanical names for plants

This ultimate guide on botanical names for plants will help you in learning botanical names of important crops. If you are a botany, or BSc. Agriculture student then this guide will definitely help you a lot. However anyone interested to learn botanical names can use this guide.

Through this article you will learn botanical names of:

cereal crops, fibre crops, pulse crops, edible oilseed crops, vegetables, fruits, flowers, spices etc.




Botanical Names For Plants

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Botanical Name Of Cereal Crops

Serial NumberCommon NameBotanical Name
1.RiceOryza sativa
2.WheatTriticum aestivum
3.MaizeZea mays
4.BarleyHordeum vulgare
5.SorghumSorghum bicolor
6.OatAvena sativa
7.RyeSecale cereale
8.Pearl Millet Pennisetum glaucum
9.Finger MilletEluisine coracana
10.Proso MilletPanicum miliaceum
11.Foxtail MilletSetaria italica




READ MORE: Diseases Of Wheat


Botanical Name Of Fibre Crops

Serial NumberCommon NameBotanical Name
1.CottonGossypium hirsutum
2.JuteCorchorus olitorius
3.HempCannabis sativa
4.Indian HempApocynum cannabinum
5.Mauritius HempFurcraea foetida
6.BagasseSaccharum officinarum
7.KenaffHibiscus cannabinus
8.CoirCocus nucifera
9.KapokCeiba pentandra
10.UrenaUrena lobata
11.SunnCrotalaria juncea
12.RamieBoehmeria nivea
13.RoselleHibiscus sabdariffa
14.SisalAgave sisalana
15.CantalaAgave cantala
16.HenequenAgave fourcroydes
17.MagueyAgave americana
18.AbacaMusa textilis
19.PhormiumPhormium tenax




READ MORE: Cotton Farming Guide


Botanical Name Of Pulse Crops

Serial NumberCommon NameBotanical Name
1.Pea Or Garden PeaPisum sativum
2.ChickpeaCicer arietinum
3.Pigeon peaCajanus cajan
4.CowpeaVigna unguiculata
5.Grass peaLathyrus sativus
6.Green gramPhaseolus aurens
7.Black gramPhaseolus mung
8.Horse gramDolichus biflorus
9.LentilLens culinaris
10.BeansPhaseolus vulgaris
11. Indian beanDolichos lab-lab
12.Moth beanVigna aconitifolia







Botanical Name Of Oilseed Crops

Serial NumberCommon NameBotanical Name
1.GroundnutArachis hypogea
2.SunflowerHelianthus annus
3.SesameSesamum indicum
4.SafflowerCarthamus tinctorius
5.LinseedLinum usitatisium
6.SoybeanGlycine max
7.MustardBrassica nigra
8.RapeseedBrassica napus





READ MORE: Sunflower Farming Guide


Botanical Name Of Vegetables

Serial NumberCommon NameBotanical Name
1.CauliflowerBrassica oleracea var. botrytis
2.CabbageBrassica oleracea var. capitata
3.BroccoliBrassica oleracea var. italica
4.Brussels sproutsBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera
5.Chinese CabbageBrassica oleracea var. pekinensis
6.LettuceLactuca sativa
7.Knol-kholBrassica caulrapa
8.Bitter GourdMomordica charantia
9.Bottle GourdLagenaria siceraria
10.Snake GourdTrichosanthes cucumerina
11.Ridge GourdLuffa acutangula
12.Ash GourdBenincasa hipsida
13.Ivy GourdCoccina grandis
14.Pointed GourdTrichosanthes dioca
15.Sponge GourdLuffa aegyptiaca
16.Summer Squash or PumpkinCucurbita pepo
17.ArtichokeCynara scolymus
18.AsparagusRheum rhabarbarum
19.SpinachSpinacea oleracea
20.Malabar SpinachBascella alba
21.RadishRaphanus sativus
22.BeetrootBeta vulgaris
23.TurnipBrassica rapa
24.CarrotDaucus carota
25.OnionAllium cepa
26.GarlicAllium sativum
27.TomatoSolanum lycopersicum
29.Brinjal Or EggplantSolanum melongena
31.YamBioscorea alata
32.ChilliCapsicum frutescenes
33.CapsicumCapsicum annum




READ MORE: Cabbage Farming Guide




Botanical Name Of Fruits

Serial NumberCommon NameBotanical Name
1.AonlaPhyllanthus emblica
2.AppleMalus domestica
3.ApricotPrunus armeniaca
4.BaelAegle marmelos
5.BananaMusa acuminata
6.BerZiziphus mauritiana
7.BlueberryCyanococcus corymbosus
8.ChestnutCastanea crenata
9.CherryPrunus avium
10.Custard AppleAnnona reticulata
11.Date PalmPhoenix dactylifera
12.FigFicus carica
13.GrapeVitis vinifera
14.GuavaPsidium guajava
15.JackfruitArtocarpus heterophyllus
16.KiwiActinidia deliciosa
17.LycheeLitchi chinensis
18.MangoMangifera indica
19.MuskmelonCucumis melo
20.PapayaCarica papaya
21.Passion FruitPassiflora edulis
22.PeachPrunus persica
23.PearPyrus communis
24.PineappleAnanas comosus
25.PlumPrunus domestica
26.PomegranatePunica granatum
27.SapotaManilkara zapota
28.StrawberryFragaria ananassa
29.WatermelonCitrullus lanatus
30.LemonCitrus limon
31.MandarinCitrus reticulata
32.OrangeCitrus sinensis





Author’s Note

I guess you are now familiar with botanical names for plants. If you want to ask or add botanical name of any plant then do comment below. You can also connect with Agriculture Review on Facebook, Instagram, and Koo.

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