agriculture review

How Agriculture Came Under State Control Under Stalin

by aditya abhishek


Under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Union underwent a period of rapid industrialization & collectivization.


Stalin implemented a series of policies designed to increase food production & promote the growth of collective farms.


Stalin's agricultural policies were rooted in the Marxist-Leninist ideology that formed the basis of the Soviet state. 


According to this ideology, the means of production, including land, should be owned and controlled by the state, rather than by private individuals or corporations.

The first major step in the state's takeover of agriculture came in 1929 by launching collectivization campaign. Country's small, privately owned farms were converted into large collective farms.

To encourage farmers to join collectives, the state offered incentives such as access to machinery and technical assistance, as well as promises of higher yields and increased social benefits.

However, many farmers resisted the collectivization campaign, viewing it as an attack on their private property and traditional way of life. Crackdowns were carried out to suppress the revolt. 

The state established a system of central planning, in which targets for food production and distribution were set at the national level and then allocated to individual farms and regions.

While these policies had some initial success in increasing food production, they also had a number of negative consequences. The forced collectivization campaign caused widespread social upheaval.

The central planning system was often inefficient and inflexible, leading to shortages and inefficiencies in the agricultural sector.

The state's emphasis on grain production often came at the expense of other crops, leading to imbalances in the food supply & nutritional deficiencies among the population.

Despite these challenges, Stalin's policies had a lasting impact on Soviet agriculture, shaping the sector for decades to come.

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