by aditya abhishek
More than 80% of the farmland is dependent on rainfall for irrigation in the world. That is why changing rainfall patterns are affecting agriculture.
Both high and low than optimum rainfall can affect the growth of crops severely, ultimately resulting in lower yields than expected.
Crop water needs are maximum at planting, flowering, grain setting or fruit setting, and sometimes ripening.
Due to unseasonal rains in Rajasthan, cumin crops were destroyed due to which the price went as high as Rs 65,000 per quintal.
Similarly, this year tomato prices skyrocketed over 1,400% in the wholesale market due to unpredicted rainfall, temperature and pests.
In the United States, the selling price for farmers fell 0.5% in October from the previous month due to South American rain.
To protect crops from uncertain rainfall patterns farmers can start farming in a protected environment, i.e., in a greenhouse, install a drip irrigation system, etc.
Moreover, farmers can also build water harvesting structures, grow drought-resistant crops, and practice partial root-zone irrigation to avoid the problem.
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