This ultimate guide on plumeria care will help you to grow and care for plumeria plant. Also learn to grow plumeria from cuttings by reading this article.
Plumeria (commonly referred to as Frangipani), a genus of angiosperm within the Apocynaceae. Most species are deciduous shrubs or small trees. The species variously are endemic to Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean.
Now it has been widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical climates worldwide as a popular garden and park plant. Plumeria flowers with their beautiful colours and fragrance symbolize natural beauty.
Plumerias flower come in all colours from pure white to deep red, pale pink to butter lemon, golden, oranges, blood red, and so on.
This beautiful flowering plant is also known as “Champa” or “Gulchin” in India.
Plumerias thrive with a touch maintenance that is easy to propagate. And its appearance is magnificent with a large cluster of sweet-scented flowers.
They bloom almost throughout the year and hence make excellent garden plants. They are ideal for home gardens, rooftop gardens, and open balconies.
Popular species of Plumeria
1. Plumeria rubra
2. Plumeria obtura
3. Plumeria pudica
4. Plumeria alba.
Plumeria Care Guide
To care for your plumeria plant, you need to provide adequate sunlight, watering, and fertilizers. This helps to keep the plant healthy.
You can start growing plumeria during spring to fall season. The best season to propagate plumeria is during spring season. However, plant hardiness zones 10, 11, and 12 are ideal for growing plumeria.
You can purchase plumeria seedlings from any plant nursery. Or you can propagate plumeria from cuttings, grafting, or from seeds.
How To Grow Plumeria From Cuttings?
If you want to propagate, then take near about 12 inches long shoot tip cuttings in spring and allow them to dry for 3 to 6 days.
To develop new plant from cutting, just plant cuttings in this potting mix.
Prepare potting mix with 60% soil + 20% coco peat + 20% river sand or any well-drained potting medium.
The cutting will start rooting in 2 to 3 weeks.
When cuttings are well developed than transfer it into 15 to 20-liters capacity containers.
Plumeria is a sun loving plant, hence it requires 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Adequate amount of sunlight ensures good growth and heavy bloom in plumeria plant.
Plumerias require profuse watering but keep in mind that overwatering can damage your plants. Apply water only when the topsoil seems completely dry.
Excess watering or water logging condition in the pot can lead to root rot. Reduce watering when leaves start falling down.
Feeding of plumeria is one kind of skill. After transplantation just feed one teaspoon bone meal in a month. It promotes vegetative growth.
Spread bonemeal on the potting mix and do not mix it with soil. Apply water soon after fertilizer application. Nutrient will leech down and roots will consume the nutrients.
After vegetative growth next year start feeding with phosphate-rich fertilizer. Phosphate rich fertilizer induces blooms. You can apply banana or onion peel fertilizers to increase blooming.
Avoid adding fertilizers during the rainy and winter season. It may infect your plant by root or stem rot.
Pruning & Care
For more blooming you should control and maintain plant size by pruning. Pruning helps to more branches out and thereby more blooming occurs. But do not prune out stalks.
Every year 2 to 4 inches topsoil should be replaced with new fresh soil. it should be done before spring comes.
Pests & Diseases
Fungal infections can occur during the rainy and winter season. In these seasons Plumeria can be at risk of root and stem rot caused by fungal infection. In such cases spray any broad-spectrum fungicide.
You can also use organic fungicide to protect your plant.
Importance Of Plumeria
1. Plumerias are common ornamental plants in houses, parks, parking lots, and other open areas.
2. Plumeria rubra is the national flower of Nicaragua and Plumeria alba is the national of Lawns.
3. Hindus use the flowers in their temple offering.
4. In Sri Lankan tradition, Plumeria is associated with worship.
5. In western Ghats of Karnataka, the bride and groom exchange garlands of cream-colored plumeria during weeding.
6. Plumerias are planted most of the Hindus temple.
7. Plumeria contains several medically active constituents and has been shown antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral activity.
8. The plant contains fulvoplumerin, which has antibiotic activity and inhibits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
9. The juice of the bark is considered an effective treatment for gonorrhea and venereal sores.
10. The scraped bark is used to treat scabies and wound from poisonous fish.
11. The juice of bark is also used to treat amoebic dysentery.