by aditya abhishek
It is a branch of agriculture which deals with cultivation of vegetable, fruit, flower and other decorative crops.
NHM is a center sponsored scheme for growth of horticulture sector in India. In the year 2005, it was launched under 10th 5-year plan.
This scheme covers cultivation of fruits, vegetables, root & tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo.
Government of India contributes 60% while state governments contribute 40% share on development programmes under National Horticulture Mission.
However there are exceptions. In north India & Himalayan region central government contributes around 90% of the total share.
Due to collaborative efforts, area and production of horticulture crops increased by 9% & 14% from 2014 to 2020.
India is now becoming self sufficient in horticulture crop production. It is now the largest producer of banana, mango, guava, etc.
In the world India ranks 2nd in horticulture crop production after China. India produces 141.2 million metric tons of horticulture produce every year.
thanks for reading!