agriculture review

Types of Farming That Are Practiced In India

by aditya abhishek


Due to the diverse range of climate, topography, and cultural diversity in India, many types of farming are practiced in the country. The major types of farming in India are...

Subsistence Farming

It is one of the ancient methods of farming that is still in practice in rural areas of India where farmers primarily grow crops for their family's consumption. 

Commercial Farming

It is a profit-oriented farming system that involves large-scale cultivation of crops such as rice, wheat, cotton, etc. or rearing of animals for sale in the market. 


Cultivation of horticultural crops like fruits, vegetables and flowers are practiced widely in the country. Some of the major crops are mango, banana, papaya, marigold, etc.

Plantation Farming

Cultivation of cash crops like tea, coffee, rubber, and spices in large areas is called plantation farming. Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, etc. are known for plantation agriculture. 

Animal Husbandry

Animal Husbandry is an important agricultural activity in India. It includes dairy farming, poultry farming, and the rearing of cattle, goats, and buffalo. 


India has a vast coastline and numerous rivers due to which cultivation of shrimp, prawns, fish, and crab are practiced on a large scale. 

Organic Farming

The largest number of organic farmers in the world are in India. Organic farming involves the use of organic fertilizers & pesticides and minimizing the use of chemicals.

Dryland Farming

In arid and semi-arid regions of Rajasthan, Karnataka, etc. farmers practice dryland farming, which involves cultivating drought-resistant crops like millets, etc. 


It involves the rearing of silkworms for silk production. It is practiced in states like Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu. 


It is a system of farming that involves the cultivation of trees with agriculture crops that compliment each other.

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