by aditya abhishek
Saffron is the most costliest spice in the world. 1 Kilogram of saffron costs around 3,00,000 Indian rupees. Hence, you can follow these tips to cultivate saffron in your farm.
Climate is one of the most important factors for saffron farming. You can cultivate saffron in sub-tropical climates at 2000 meters above mean sea level.
The next most important factor is soil. Well-drained, red sandy loam soil or calcareous clay soil with a pH of around 5.5 to 8.5 is good for the cultivation of saffron.
Farmers can plant saffron corms from September on their farms. Before planting remove all the weeds, plow the field twice and then level it.
Corms are typically planted at a depth of about 10 to 15 centimeters and spaced around 10 to 15 centimeters apart for best growth and optimum yield.
During the rainy season you do not need to irrigate at all. However, during dry summer days, you can irrigate once a month to promote good growth.
You do not need to apply any chemical fertilizer to your saffron farm. Apply 10 tonnes of Vermicompost per hectare to promote healthy growth.
Saffron flowers bloom from October to November. Each flower produces three red stigmas. These stigmas need to be carefully hand-picked early in the morning.
The freshly harvested saffron stigmas are spread out on trays in a well-ventilated area to dry. It helps prevent the growth of mold, saffron colour and flavour.
thanks for reading!