by aditya abhishek
System of farming methods in which we use organic sources of fertilizers, pesticides, practice companion planting, crop rotation, etc. to maintain sustainability.
Extensive use of chemicals resulted in poor health of the soil. Hence, industrialized agriculture is not a long term solution, therefore farmers as well as consumers started demanding organic food.
In at least 187 countries, 3,1 million farmers are practicing organic farming on 72 million hectares of farming land to meet the present demand of organic food.
In the year 2022, the global market size value of organic food is USD 208.18 billion and till 2025 it is expected to reach USD 380.84 billion.
Farmers practicing organic farming reuses farm waste as manure, bio-fertilizers, practice crop rotation & mulching, grow legumes as cover crops, grow resistant crops, incorporates animal husbandry, etc.
All these practices helps farmer to reduce external input costs on fertilizers, & pesticides. Having animal husbandry creates source of extra income.
Lack of proper skills and knowledge, poor marketing strategies and prices, pest and disease control, lack of effective infrastructure are common challenges.
There is a need to build a good infrastructure to help farmers understand organic farming, & to build market availability to producers and consumers for a bright future.
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