by aditya abhishek
Nigeria is an African country located on the Gulf of Guinea, having total population of 218,997,839 people. Out of which around 20% are farmers.
Farmers in Nigeria majorly practice susbsistence farming system & contributes around 22.35 percent of the total Gross Domestic Product.
Around 70.8 million hectares of land is used for farming purposes. Major cultivated crops are maize, cassava, guinea corn, yam beans, millet and rice.
Nigeria exports agriculture produce such as Cocoa beans, Sesame seeds, Cashew nuts, Desiccated coconuts, Ginger, etc.
According to reports, the total value of agricultural exports of Nigeria from 2018 to 2021 is estimated around 1.2 Billion U.S. Dollars.
But in the year 2022, the export value of agricultural produce of Nigeria increased by remarkable 14.9%. Due to which farmers are motivated to produce more.
Apart from rise in export value, agriculture in Nigeria faces many problems such as land degradation, climate change, irrigation facilities, poor land tenure system, etc.
However government programmes such as Agriculture Promotion Policy (APP), Nigeria–Africa Trade and Investment Promotion Programme,etc. are helping to increase production.
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