agriculture review

Major Soil Types Found In India

by aditya abhishek

Soils Of India

In India, around 9 types of soil are widely distributed. All these soil types possess slightly different pH, texture. colour, fertility, etc. 

Alluvial Soil 

Alluvial soils are the most extensive and important soil type in India. Alluvial soils are generally fertile and found in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar & West Bengal.

Black Soil 

Black soils, also known as regur or black cotton soils, are found instates such as Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh.

Red & Yellow Soil 

Red and yellow soils are found in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and are mainly derived from crystalline rocks. 

Laterite Soil

Laterite soils are found in regions with high rainfall and high temperatures, such as the Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats & parts of the northeastern states.

Desert Soil

Desert soils are found in the arid & semi-arid regions of Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat. These soils are sandy and lack fertility due to low organic matter content.

Forest Soil

Forest soils are found in the Himalayan foothills and the Western Ghats. They are usually acidic, rich in organic matter & suitable for the growth of forests.

Mountain Soil

Mountain soils are found at high altitudes in the Himalayan region. They vary in their characteristics depending on factors like altitude, slope & parent material.

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