Definition, systems & Importance!
Artificial application of water for the purpose of supplying water essential to plant growth is called irrigation.
It helps in adding adequate water to the soil for supplying moisture essential for the growth of plant.
Provides protection to crop against short draughts.
Leads to increase in food production, and potentially help to feed increasing population.
Irrigation helps in maintaining soil temperature around root zone of the crop.
Provides security of cropping, because of which external inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides, tillage become economically feasible
Manner in which irrigation water is applied to the farm is system or method of irrigation.
Drip or Sub-surface Irrigation