agriculture review

Guava Farming Guide For Higher Yield

by aditya abhishek


Guava farming offers luxurious income to the farmers. After 2 years of plantation, a guava farmer can earn up to INR 2 Lakhs from a acre farm. 


Farmers can cultivate guava in warm tropical to sub-tropical climates where temperature ranges from 24 to 30 degrees Celsius with annual rainfall of around 1000 mm. 


Guava can be cultivated in wide range of soils. But, well drained sandy loam soil with pH of around 6.5 to 8.5 is considered best for growing guava. 


Selection of variety depend on local adaptation, yield, market value, etc. However, some popular guava varieites are Allahabad, Lucknow 46, 49, Arka Amulya, Arka Mridula, etc.


From June to December, farmers can plant grafted seedlings in pits of 45 cm x 45 cm x 45 cm size filled with organic manure at plant to plant distance of 5 metres. 


Irrigate guava orchard immediately after plantation. Adopt modified basin irrigation system, irrigate once after every 3 to 4 days in hot, dry summer. 


Apply 50 kilograms of bulky organic manure + 1 kilogram of Nitrogen, Phosphorus & Potassium per tree per year in two split dozes. Spray spray 0.3% borax during flowering. 


Spray ZnSO4, MgSO4 and MnSo4 0.5% and CuSO4 and FeSO4 0.25 % plus Teepol 1ml per 5 lit of solution at new flush, 1 month after, flowering & fruit set. 


You can start harvesting 2 to 3 years after plantation, from 1 hectare farm 25 tonnes of guava & can sell them at 60 to 70 INR per Kg from which you can earn up to INR 17,50,000.

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