by aditya abhishek
Apiculture or Beekeeping is the science of rearing honey bees for production of hone, bee wax, bee venom, royal jelly, propolis, and pollen.
In year 2021, global honey market was valued at US $8.92 Billion and is expected to reach $25 Billion by 2028 due to increasing demand.
China with annual production of 458 thousand metric tons of honey is the largest producer, followed by Turkey, Argentina, Iran, Ukraine, America, etc.
According to records, beekeeping started in Africa around 9000 years ago in pottery vessels. However construction of movable beehive started in England in 18th Century.
Inventions and use of movable horizontal and vertical hives, protective clothing, smoker, hive tool, etc. have made apiculture easy.
Apiculture is profitable even for marginal farmers. Moreover it also increases pollination in the farm which leads to increased productivity.
To start beekeeping, you need to own a land, buy beekeeping equipments for apiary and high yielding species of honeybee.
Global waring, pests and diseases, pollution, and unscientific practice of bee keeping leads to poor production.
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