furcraea foetida
Mauritius Hemp | Furcraea foetida

Furcraea foetida is a type of succulent shrubs. Botanically it is a species of angiosperm native to the Caribbean and Northern South America. it is widely cultivated and reportedly naturalized in many places like India, part of South Africa, Portugal, Australia, Thailand, Florida, and many oceanic islands.

Furcarea is a perennial subshrub; stemless up to 1 meter tall. The leaves are sword-shaped, 1-1.8 m long and 10-15 cm broad at their widest point, narrowing to 6-7 cm broad at the leaf base and to a pointy spine tip at the apex. The variegated variety green with yellow, the leaves are fleshy, leaves grow in rosettes structure. The flowers are creamy-white 4cm long and strongly scented. They are producing a large inflorescence up to 7.5 m tall.
The plant is cultivated in subtropical and tropical regions for products and as an ornamental plant for gardens.

Growing and Care


1. To grow this plant you can purchase seedlings from any nursery or propagate from bulbs.

2. You may propagate from bulbs that appear at the base of the plant. These small bulbs can be collected and replanted in fresh containers.

Preparation of Potting Mix

3. Use potting mix like 60% soil + 20% coco peat + 20% sand or any well-drained potting medium. Mix them thoroughly, take care that the soil you are using is free from pests and diseases.


4. Place your pot in the area receiving partial to a full sunlight. Best where it can receive direct sunlight. This plant loves sunlight.

Water Frequency

5. Use pot as per the size of seedling. Pot should have a good drainage system with at least 2-3 holes.

6. It is a semi-succulent type plant so water your plant moderately. Next watering will be done when the potting mix becomes completely dry. Mauritius hemp can tolerate drought due to its large root system.

7. Standing water in pot can be lethal to plant. 

However the frequency of watering the pot could be increased at the time of blooming in summer.

Fertilizer Requirement

8. After transplant just feed one teaspoon bone meal in a month. It promotes vegetative growth. Spread bonemeal on the potting mix. Do not mix bonemeal with soil. Fertilizer leaches out slowly when water is applied in the pot.

9. Avoid fertilizer in the rainy and winter season. It may infect your plant by root or stem rot.


10. Remove dead or damaged leaves as needed.
11. Change your pot as per the growth of the plant. Before repotting, the potting mix should be dry.

12. Remove plant gently from its pot and knock away old soil and dead roots while repotting.

Pests and Care

13. Clean leaves with a fresh cotton cloth to get rid of the infection of aphids and mealybug.

14. Some time infections occur during the rainy and winter season. In these seasons plant is at risk of root and stem rot caused by fungal infection. In such cases spray any broad-spectrum fungicide.

You can also use Neem Oil Spray.” 

Mr. Sital Sarkar has shared this information with us based on his growing experience of Mauritius hemp in his home garden.

Mauritius hemp in home garden
Furcraea foetida in Mr. Sital Sarkar’s garden

We hope you enjoyed reading our article on “How To Grow Mauritius Hemp.” If you are already growing this plant then follow our care tips and tell us your results. Comment down to tell your problems.

You can Contact Us to ask questions or to give feedback to us.

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