Chilli ( Capsicum annum )
- used as a spice in cooking, can be eaten as raw and it has got several medicinal properties.
- useful against cholera when used with asafoetida and camphor
- contain high amount of vitamin A and C.
- they are annual herbs or sub herbs
- Chilli plant is erect, 0.50 to 1 meter tall and is highly branched. However, it can require mechanical support by using a small stick of plant height.
- Most suitable pH of soil is 6.5 to grow this crop.
- It requires well-drained soil to grow and mature properly, water logging condition in the field can cause root rot.
- Light, fertile and loamy soil is considered ideal to grow chilli crop.
- From research it have been found that vegetative growth and yields are higher on heavy textured soil.
- However, quality of fruits is better on lighter soil than heavy soil.
Climate and temperature
- Chilli crop grows well in warm humid tropical and subtropical regions
- It can survive and grow in the temperature range of 18 to 40 degrees celsius
- For getting higher yields from the crop it requires annual rainfall of 650 to 1500 mm
- Ideal sowing and harvesting temperature is estimated or found to be 35 to 40 degree celsius.